Our vision for Reading:
At Sunnybrow Primary School, reading plays an integral role in our mission to empower our pupils to exceed. We firmly believe that reading is a gateway into the wider world: it not only enables children to learn new facts and to increase their knowledge, but it also opens them up to a world of new stories, cultures, experiences and opportunities.
We want our children to develop their fluency in reading and provide opportunities for them to develop their vocabularies so that they are more-able to access a wider range of texts and expand their horizons to a world outside of Sunnybrow.
As a result of this, we make reading a priority in school and immerse our children in a reading rich environment and expose them to a wide and varied reading experience.
As a school, we understand the pressures of social deprivation and the impact this can have on resources at home and the scope that families have to effectively support the many aspects of school life. In recognition of this, we strive to ensure that all children have access to a high quality literacy experience that will enable them to reach their full potential while at Sunnybrow Primary and prepare them effectively for the next stage in their educational journey.
We want children to enjoy reading the wide range of texts that they experience at school. By guiding children to reflect on the texts they have read in terms of their own likes and dislikes we feel that children will become more able to select their own texts more effectively in the future which will help in fostering an enjoyment of reading.
We also want our children to see that reading has a purpose, that it is an important life skill and that an ability to read will serve them well and improve their life chances. As part of this, we want the children to understand that reading isn’t always from a book. They can read newspapers, comics and blogs among others.
At Sunnybrow Primary School, reading is a top priority and is a key driver within our curriculum.
It is our intention to ensure that by the end of their primary education, all pupils are confident and competent readers, who can read fluently and with confidence in any subject. We intend all children to leave Sunnybrow Primary School with a rich vocabulary that provides them with the ability to play and manipulate language, recognising the nuance of meaning and how language can be used for a range of purposes. We want children to have the confidence to be able to communicate effectively in a variety of situations both now and in the future. We therefore intend to encourage all pupils to read widely across both fiction and non-fiction to develop:
– knowledge of themselves and the world in which they live;
– to establish an appreciation and love of reading;
– to gain knowledge across the curriculum;
– and develop their comprehension skills.
We are committed to providing quality, vocabulary-rich reading material, which immerses and enhances all pupils’ wider knowledge of the spoken and written word, through modern and classic children’s literature and non-fiction texts.
For each year group, we have produced a set of non-negotiable outcomes for Reading. This is what we intend every child to have achieved by the time the leave that specific year.
Please see our End of Year Expectations document to view these outcomes:
Reading EoY Expectations EYFS & KS1 Reading EoY Expectations Lower KS2
Reading EoY Expectations Upper KS2
Good early reading provision is key. Children need to be given the building blocks to become competent readers and this must be embedded early; good quality phonics teaching is an important part of this.
Our children begin engaging in phonics activities as soon as they start Nursery. There are at least 2 planned phonics sessions per week (more depending on the amount of hours pupils access). By working with children at an earlier age we are able to address gaps in skills and knowledge and ensure that Phase 1 of Letters and Sounds is thoroughly embedded so that the children are prepared for the Reception class curriculum expectations.
Phonic teaching and assessment is rigorous. We use Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised which is a Systematic Synthetic Phonics programme. It builds speaking and listening skills and prepares children for reading by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. There is a consistent structure to phonics teaching in EYFS and Key Stage 1. There are many opportunities to practice and apply new knowledge. Targeted Phonics intervention takes place daily for those who need it. Staff training for phonics is delivered in-house and includes all staff, including those working in KS2 for which we use the Little Wandle training materials. Staff regularly revisit the CPD materials from Little Wandle as they are often releasing new materials and extra support guidance.
Reception children start our phonics programme from week 3 of Autumn term. We also spend time working on any gaps in Phase 1 phonic knowledge and spoken language skills as this is often an area of weakness that needs to be addressed before children are ready for formal phonics teaching. Children in Class 1 and 2 will have a daily phonics session where they will learn and practice the skills identified in the table below. They will learn at a steady pace and can learn up to 4 new sounds in a week. Children are assessed regularly, in a relaxed way, so that we understand clearly what they are able to do and so that we can identify any gaps in their knowledge or skills so that we can work with the children to close these gaps. We aim to make phonics sessions fun and interactive by using songs and rhymes, games, actions and lots of visual aids.
More information on Little Wandle can be found here
Phonic Knowledge and Skills
Phase One (Nursery/Reception)
Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.
Phase Two (Reception)
Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.
Phase Three (Reception)
The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the “simple code”, i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.
Phase Four (Reception)
No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.
Phase Five (Throughout Year 1)
Now we move on to the “complex code”. Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.
Phase Six (Throughout Year 2 and beyond)
Working on spelling, including prefixes and suffixes, doubling and dropping letters etc.
Little Wandle phonics and early reading policy
Reading beyond phonics
At Sunnybrow Primary School, every book our children read has a purpose. We use a two-pronged approach to developing reading fluency and comprehension: Independent/Group Reading and Shared reading.
Independent & Group Reading
The primary purpose of the independent book is to develop reading fluency and prosody. We have developed a reading spine for independent reading books, made up primarily of Collins ‘Big Cat’ reading scheme texts. For children from Year 2 onwards, who are reading at a greater depth, we have developed a list of ‘must reads’ for each year group that children can self-select from to supplement their reading spine text.
To find out more about our approach independent & group reading, click here.
We use Shared Reading as our primary approach for teaching reading comprehension skills. It is also used to teach reading with fluency and prosody. Children are taught the skills of reading (outlined in the National Curriculum and the KS1 and KS2 content domains) through the use of VIPERS which were created by Rob Smith (The Literacy Shed).
VIPERS is an anagram to aid the recall of the 6 reading domains as part of the UK’s reading curriculum. They are the key areas which we feel children need to know and understand in order to improve their comprehension of texts and stand for:
Sequence or Summarise
The 6 domains focus on the comprehension aspect of reading and not the mechanics: decoding, fluency, prosody etc. As such, VIPERS is not a reading scheme but rather a method of ensuring that teachers ask, and students are familiar with, a range of questions. They allow the teacher to track the type of questions asked and the children’s responses to these which allows for targeted questioning afterwards.
KS1 Content Domain Reference [VIPER]
1a draw on knowledge of vocabulary to understand texts [Vocabulary]
1b identify/explain key aspects of fiction and non-fiction, such as characters, events, titles and information [Retrieve]
1c identify and explain the sequences of events in texts [Sequence]
1d make inferences from the text [Infer]
1e predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far [Predict]
KS2 Content Domain Reference [VIPER]
2a Give/explain the meaning of words in context [Vocabulary]
2b retrieve and record information/ identify key details from fiction and non/fiction [Retrieve]
2c summarise main ideas from more than one paragraph [Summarise]
2d make inferences from the text/ explain and justify inferences with evidence from the text [Infer]
2e predict what might happen from details stated or implied [Predict]
2f identify/explain how information/ narrative content is related and contributes to meaning as a whole [Explain]
2g identify/explain how meaning is enhanced through choice of words and phrases [Explain]
2h make comparisons within a text [Explain]
To find out more about our approach to shared reading, click here.
What’s the impact?
The main source of impact will always remain the quality and breadth of work seen in pupil’s books and the learning environment. We ensure there are always opportunities for application of learning within and across subject disciplines. The impact on our children is clear: progress, sustained learning and transferrable skills.
In lessons you will see that children are engaged and eager participants in reading sessions in school. They respond well to the texts that the teachers have selected for their teaching resources.
As children move through the school, you will see that they increase in confidence and fluency in their reading. They are more-able to use expression when reading aloud.
Children show increasing skill in analysing, discussing and explaining different aspects of texts.
Impact is measured through assessment for learning opportunities and through summative assessments. Teachers use our small steps progression grids to help them accurately assess and plan for pupil progress. Statutory Reading Tests are completed as required. These results are measured against the reading attainment of children nationally.
Phonics is regularly assessed throughout the year using the Little Wandle Letters and Sounds Revised assessment grids. At the end of Year 1 pupils will complete the Year 1 phonics screening check. For those children who did not meet the standard in Year 1, they will re-sit the screening check in Year 2.
Judgements on the impact of the curriculum on pupils is based upon a triangulation of different monitoring and evaluation activities within school. Work and book scrutiny, pupil voice discussions, outcomes of assessments and quality of teaching and learning are all used as tools to help senior leaders assess the impact of the curriculum.
How can I help my child become a better reader?
As with anything, performance improves with practice. Encourage your child to read at home. Create a culture of reading in your household by reading with your child, starting a home library, visiting your local library or bookshop on a regular basis, letting your child see you reading and discussing books that each of you have read.
When reading with your child, stop and ask questions to be sure your child is comprehending what is read. Reading with your child, no matter what the child’s age, is an
important part of developing a good reader.
Here are some useful tips for reading with your child at home.